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The 13th Meeting of Judicial Academy Council (JAC) was held on Dec. 1, 2016 at NJA's office, Manamaiju, Kathmandu. The meeting was presided over by Chairperson of the JAC Rt. Hon'ble Chief Justice Sushila Karki. Other distinguished members of JAC including Vice Chairperson of the National Planning Commission Hon'ble Dr. Meen Bahadur Shrestha, Minister for Law and Justice Hon'ble Ajay Shankar Nayak, senior Justice of Supreme Court Hon'ble Gopal Parajuli and Attorney General Hon'ble Raman Kumar Shrestha were present in the meeting.

Hon'ble Keshari Raj Pandit, Executive Director, NJA-Nepal and Member-Secretary to JAC, delivered welcome remarks and highlighted the major activities of NJA-Nepal including constraints and challenges encountered by the organization. On that occasion, Rt. Hon'ble Chief Justice Karki unveiled a Statue of Goddess of Learning Sarashwati at premises of NJA-Nepal.

In the meeting, Rt. Hon'ble Chief Justice Karki stressed the need of strengthening the capacity of Judges and judicial stakeholders so as it could be instrumental for enhancing the judicial efficiency. She further observed that in this process NJA-Nepal has a significant role to play by imparting judicial education through various types of educational programmes. Rt. Hon'ble Chief Justice Karki also extended thanks and appreciation to NJA-Nepal for its unstinted support to Nepali judiciary.

The meeting approved programs conducted by NJA-Nepal during the fiscal year 2015/16 as well as the programs planned for fiscal year 2016/17. Apart from that, the meeting also approved Procedural Guidelines Relating to Welfare Fund for NJA-Nepal's Employees. The meeting also discussed NJA Nepal's institutional reform process and formed a committee for the review of NJA-Nepal's Act and Regulations under convenorship of Executive Director of NJA-Nepal.

Thursday, 22 September 2016 08:21

प्रेस विज्ञप्ति

महिलाको न्यायमा पहुँच सम्बन्धअध्ययन प्रतिवेदन सार्वजनिकीकरण सम्बन्धमा

२९ भदौ २०७३

राष्ट्रिय न्यायिक प्रतिष्ठानले औपचारिक न्याय प्रणालीमा महिलाको न्यायमा पहुँचसम्बन्धी अध्ययन प्रतिवेदन सार्वजनिक गरेको छ ।  लैङ्गिक समानता र महिला सशक्तिकरणको लागि संयुक्त राष्ट्र संघको निकाय (युएन वुमन) को सहयोग र महिला, कानून र विकास मञ्चसँगको सहकार्यमा सम्पन्न भएको यो प्रतिवेदन सम्माननीय प्रधानन्यायाधीश श्री सुशीला कार्कीबाट राजधानीमा २०७३ साल भदौ २९ मा सार्वजनिक गरियो ।

नेपाल महिलाका अधिकार लगायत मानवअधिकारसम्बन्धी धेरै अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय सन्धि सम्झौताहरुको पक्ष भइसकेको छ । महिलाविरुद्धका सबै प्रकारका भेदभावको अन्त्य गर्नेसम्बन्धी महासन्धि, १९७९ ले महिलाको विभेद रहित न्यायमा पहुँचको अधिकार र तिनको उपभोग गर्न पाउने अधिकारबारेमा व्यवस्था गरेको छ । विगतका वर्षहरुमा महिला अधिकार तथा न्यायमा पहुँच अभिवृद्धिका लागि विभिन्न कानूनमा सुधार भएका छन् । यद्यपि महिलाको न्यायमा सहज पहुँच प्रभावकारी रुपमा स्थापित हुन नसकेको गुनासो अझै कायमै छ । यस अध्ययनमा महिलाको न्यायका लागि औपचारिक निकाय अदालत र यसको प्रक्रियामा प्रत्यक्ष र परोक्ष रुपले संलग्न हुने केही सरोकारवाला निकायहरुबाट प्रदान हुने सेवामा रहेको न्यायमा पहुँचको अवस्थाबारे विश्लेषण गरिएको छ ।

उक्त अध्ययनका लागि सबै विकास क्षेत्र समेट्ने गरी जाति तथा समुदायको विविधताका आधारमा जम्मा १५ जिल्ला छानिएको थियो । यी सबै जिल्लाबाट मुद्दाका पक्ष भएका महिला, मुद्दाका पक्ष नभएका महिला,सेवा प्रदायक निकायका प्रमुख सूचनादाता र लक्षित समूह छलफलकार्यक्रम समेत गरी २२३३ जनासँग प्रश्नावलीमार्फत सूचना सङ्‍कलन गरिएको थियो । यसका साथै अनुसन्धान समूहले १५ जिल्ला अदालतहरुको स्थलगत अवलोकन गरी सूचना सङ्‍कलन गरेको थियो ।

प्रतिवेदनले महिला पक्ष भएका मुद्दामा विशेष कार्यविधि अवलम्बन गर्नुपर्ने, आर्थिक रुपमा असमर्थ महिलाहरुका लागि न्यायिक उपचारमा लाग्ने सम्पूर्ण खर्चका बारेमा सहायता उपलब्ध गराउन राष्ट्रियस्तरमा एउटा कोषको प्रबन्ध गर्नुपर्ने,  पारिवारिक मुद्दाकालागि छुट्‍टैइजलास गठन गर्नुपर्ने,  अदालती काम कारवाही र प्रक्रियाका बारेमा जानकारी गराउनु पर्ने, अदालतप्रतिको जनविश्वास बढाउने कार्यक्रम गर्ने, न्यायिक निकायहरुमा महिलाको सहभागिता बढाउनुपर्ने,  स्थानीय तहमा उजुरी दर्ता गर्ने न्यायिक निकायको व्यवस्था हुनुपर्ने तथा अदालतका कर्मचारीलाईअदालतमा न्याय प्राप्तिका लागि आउनेमहिलाप्रति गर्ने व्यवहारको बारेमा अभिमुखीकरण गर्नुपर्ने समेतका विभिन्न सुझावहरु प्रस्तुत गरेको छ ।

प्रतिवेदनलाई सार्वजनिक गर्दै सम्माननीय प्रधानन्यायाधीश श्री सुशीला कार्कीले प्रतिवेदनमा उल्लेखित  सुझावहरुले महिलालाई न्यायमा पहुँच दिलाउने सर्वोच्च अदालतको अभियानमा थप टेवापुर्‍याएको उल्लेख गर्नुभयो। सर्वोच्च अदालतका माननीय न्यायाधीश श्री सपना प्रधान मल्ललेप्रतिवेदनमा औल्याइएका सुझावहरुलाई सर्वोच्चअदालतले आगामी दिनमा कार्यान्वयनमा ल्याउने र यसका लागि संयुक्त राष्ट्र संघीयनिकायहरुको सहयोग समेत आवश्यक रहेको बताउनु भयो ।

NJA-Nepal, in partnership with the International Committee of Red Cross (ICRC), conducted a Regional Expert Consultation on IHL with the Judicial Sector on September 3, 2016 at Yak and Yeti Hotel, Kathmandu, Nepal. The objective of the expert consultation was to increase understanding of IHL and to improve better structure in the current training pedagogical tools and teaching methods used during domestic continued professional development sessions for judges. Judges and judicial educators from SAARC countries such as Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, besides Iran, had taken part in the expert consultation. 
 

NJA-Nepal is conducting an Orientation Program on Forensic Science and Medico-legal issues for District Judges from May 2 to 7, 2016. Executive Director of NJA-Nepal Hon'ble Keshari Raj Pandit inaugurated the orientation program and highlighted the importance of Forensic Science and Medico-legal issues in justice delivery. The main objective of the program is to enhance the knowledge and skill of District Judges regarding Forensic Science and Medico-legal issues. In all 22 District Judges are participating in the program. District Judge/Faculty Hon'ble Brajesh Pyakurel is the Program Convener who is assisted by Research Officer Mr. Jyoti Pandey.

National Judicial Academy Nepal (NJA-Nepal), in cooperation with the Supreme Court and UNDP, organized the first Workshop on “Strengthening Integrity and Accountability Mechanisms of the Judiciary” in Kathmandu on 8-9 April, 2016. In his keynote address Rt. Hon’ble Chief Justice of Nepal Kalyan Shrestha set the stage for discussion explaining that the role of the judiciary is to protect the interests of people and promote not simply the “rule of law”, rather the “rule of good law”. The Chief Justice explained how the judges need to justify their title of “Honourable”, through the sanctity of their conduct and seriousness of the service.

Over 60 judges and high level judicial officers from Supreme Court, Appellate Courts and District Courts took part in the event. The major topics presented and discussed during the Workshop included economics and politics of corruption, standards for judicial integrity and independence, judicial integrity and international frameworks, Bangalore Principles,  judicial integrity and accountability mechanism in Nepal, promoting transparency and accountability in judiciary etc. Chief Judges of Appellate Court of Nepal Hon'ble Ishwor Prasad Khatiwada and Hon'ble Dr. Ananda Mohan Bhattarai, and international expert Hon'ble Judge Murray Kellam from Australia delivered their presentations. Other national experts as well as experts from Bangkok Regional Hub UNDP had also made useful presentation.

Speakers at the Workshop highlighted that judiciary in Nepal has a good enough base for integrity and accountability in terms of legal framework, code of conduct, monitoring tools, use of information and communication technology etc. However, there is a need to approach the agenda from holistic and systematic perspective also taking into account the evolving normative framework. The new efforts need to be visible to the public leading to an improved perception of the judiciary among the people.

In her closing remarks, Senior-most Justice of the Supreme Court Hon’ble  Sushila Karki noted that judges should not be afraid of public scrutiny; rather they should fear bad judges as they tend to discredit the overall institution. She mentioned that the existing mechanism of transparency and accountability needs to be strengthened to increase public confidence in the institution and committed to undertake a self-assessment of the integrity mechanisms of the judiciary so as to identify its strengths, weaknesses and gaps. In the closing session, Executive Director Hon'ble Keshari Raj Pandit observed that NJA-Nepal will take the initiative for introducing a new module in its training package on integrity and providing training to the judicial officials and conducting research in this area.

 

 

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